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Which clippings match 'Synthetic' keyword pg.1 of 1
10 APRIL 2012

Cleverbot: talk to an intelligent bot

"Cleverbot is Artificial Intelligence. Say whatever you like – songs, jokes, memes or anything, and it will respond. It learns what people say, in context, and imitates. Cleverbot is an entertainment – not made to be logical, give advice, or be useful. Many people keep talking for hours, and say it's too clever to be a bot – that it must be human. Yet it never is: it is a bot. Cleverbot is software. Maybe it even contains a little Actual Intelligence."

(Rollo Carpenter, Icogno Ltd.)

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TAGS

AIappartificial intelligenceavatarawarenessbehaviourbot • Cleverbot • Cleverlips • communicationconversation • Dragon Dictate • emotion • emotional avatar • human speechhuman-computer interactionhuman-likeinteractive toyiOSiPadiPhoneiPod Touchlifelikemachine learningman machine • Nuance Communications • Nuance software • nuanced • pattern recognitionrepresentationrobot • Rollo Carpenter • simulationSirisociable robotspeakingspeechspeech recognitionspeech synthesissyntheticsynthetic-life • talk out loud • voice • voice tech

CONTRIBUTOR

Simon Perkins
20 MAY 2010

Scientists create first synthetic living cell

"Scientists in the US have succeeded in developing the first synthetic living cell. The researchers constructed a bacterium's 'genetic software' and transplanted it into a host cell. The resulting microbe then looked and behaved like the species 'dictated' by the synthetic DNA. ... The researchers constructed a bacterium's 'genetic software' and transplanted it into a host cell. The resulting microbe then looked and behaved like the species 'dictated' by the synthetic DNA. ... Dr [Craig] Venter likened the advance to making new software for the cell. The researchers copied an existing bacterial genome. They sequenced its genetic code and then used 'synthesis machines' to chemically construct a copy. Dr Venter told BBC News: 'We've now been able to take our synthetic chromosome and transplant it into a recipient cell – a different organism. 'As soon as this new software goes into the cell, the cell reads [it] and converts into the species specified in that genetic code.' The new bacteria replicated over a billion times, producing copies that contained and were controlled by the constructed, synthetic DNA. 'This is the first time any synthetic DNA has been in complete control of a cell,' said Dr Venter."

(Victoria Gill, BBC News)

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TAGS

2010artificial life • bacteria • bacterial genome • bio-ethicsbiologybreakthroughcelldiscoveryDNAethics • genetic code • genetic engineering • genetic software • microbeorganismspeciessynthesis machinessyntheticsynthetic biology • synthetic living cell • Synthia

CONTRIBUTOR

Simon Perkins
17 JANUARY 2010

Developing Analytical and Synthetic Thinking in Technology Education

"One of the most prominent characteristics of modern society is the increasing number of students acquiring technology education. An important question that must be dealt with, regarding this phenomenon relates to the nature of an appropriate technology education. A thorough examination of prevalent trends indicates that cultivating analytical skills constitutes an essential feature of science education, while within the framework of technology education mainly synthetic skills are being cultivated. Analytical thinking deserves little attention in processes of teaching technology, and is not adequately stressed in processes of constructing design skills. Apparently it seems that the different curricula adopted in science and technology education emanates from the inherent differences between research methodologies in science as opposed to design in technology. Whereas analytical thinking is typically related to the scientific process, synthetic thinking manifested in planning, building and developing is an essential part of design processes. However, several stages requiring analytical thinking can be identified in the design process. These stages mainly characterize the initial process and include analyzing the task, the selection of an appropriate model, formalization, etc.

Technology is viewed, within the conceptual framework of our research, as a discipline based on two types of thinking: synthetic and analytical, occurring both in the realm of practice (in the real world) and the realm of theory (using symbolic representations of the real world). The hypothesis examined in this research relates to the desired interactions between the two types of thinking, as well as to the manner of their integration in processes of teaching and learning. We hypothesize that integrating the above mentioned types of thinking might enhance the efficiency of technology instruction."

(Ilja Levin, E. Lieberman)

Levin I, Lieberman E. (2000) 'Developing Analytical and Synthetic Thinking in Technology Education', Proceedings of International Conference on Technology Education, Braunshweig, Germany.

Fig.1 'Evolver' (2009) was designed and executed by a team of 2nd year students from the ALICE Studio at Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland

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CONTRIBUTOR

Simon Perkins
22 NOVEMBER 2009

Verner Panton: synthetic fantasy landscapes

"From the end of the Sixties to the mid–Seventies the chemical company Bayer rented a pleasure boat during every Cologne furniture fair and had it transformed into a temporary showroom by a well–known contemporary designer. The main aim was to promote various synthetics products in connection with home furnishings. Verner Panton was commissioned no less than twice to design this exhibition, entitled 'Visiona'. The 1970 'Visona 2' exhibition showed the Fantasy Landscape which was created in this environment. The resulting room installation consisting of vibrant colours and organic forms is one of the principal highlights of Panton's work. In terms of design history this installation is regarded as one of the major spatial designs of the second half of the twentieth century.

The creative fireworks which Panton lit with his studio within a preparation time of only a few months for 'Visiona 2' is expressed not only in the highly diversified room designs in the exhibition ship, but also in the wide range of furniture, lighting, wall coverings and textiles developed specially for this presentation. Some of these were adapted and went into series production later."

(Verner Panton)

Visiona 2, Verner Panton, Panton Design, Showroom, Ausstellung, Cologne furniture fair; Visiona 2, Biographie, Verner Panton, imm cologne, Kölner Möbelmesse; Vitra–157; VP–13–H906, Panton Design, Basel

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TAGS

1960s19701970sambience • Basel • Bayer • Cologne • Cologne furniture fair • colourcolour and lightcreative practicedesignenvironmentexhibitionfantastic architecture • fantasy landscape • furniture fair • futuristic designgroovyhome furnishingsimmersive experienceinstallationinterior designinterior stylinglight and space • organic forms • Panton Design • physical environment • pleasure boat • presencespacespace age lookspace-framespatial designspectaclespectacular architecturesyntheticsynthetic fibreVerner Panton • Visiona

CONTRIBUTOR

Simon Perkins
21 JUNE 2005

Multi-Agent Systems: Cooperative Or Selfish Autonomous Entities

Katia Sycara & AAAI
The characteristics of MASs are: (1) each agent has incomplete information or capabilities for solving the problem and, thus, has a limited viewpoint; (2) there is no system global control; (3) data are decentralised; and (4) computation is asynchronous.The study of multi–agent systems (MAS) focuses on systems in which many intelligent agents interact with each other. The agents are considered to be autonomous entities, such as software programmes or robots. Their interactions can be either cooperative or selfish. That is, the agents can share a common goal (e.g. an ant colony), or they can pursue their own interests (as in the free market economy).

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TAGS

AI • American Association for Artificial Intelligence • colonycooperative • DAI • discovery • distributed artificial intelligence • enquiryexperimentationfree market economyinsight • MAS • multi-agent systems • robot • selfish • Sycara • synthetictheory building
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